In colonial Asia (mostly India) many hill stations were built in the foothills of the Himalaya ranges… small towns were founded by European colonial rulers as refuges from the summer heat. One of them is Mussoorie – a city about 34 km from Dehradun, at an average altitude of 1,880 metres.
The town was built mostly during the Colonial time in the 19th century. Many institutions were built for British government officers and army, schools for the children of British officers etc. Like in every colonial town, British arhitecture is dominant all over the place.
In the last two centuries many Tibetans setteld there because Dalai Lama’s Central Tibetan Administration was first established there before moving to Dharamsala. Today about 5000 Tibetans live there, and also many Sikhs.
With its natural and fascinating beauty, this place is also called the “Gateway” to Yamunotri and Gangotri Shrines.